Historically, also known as "Hampden's
"AGAINST MY KING I DID NOT FIGHT
BUT FOR MY KING AND KINGDOMS RIGHT"
John Hampden Statue - Aylesbury - Inscription
Colonel John Hampden's Regiment of Foot seems to have been one of the best regiments in Parliament's service, no doubt partially due to the presence of William Barriffe, first as Sgt.-Major, and then as Lt.-Colonel, of the regiment. Barriffe was a respected soldier, and his drill book (which the ECWSA uses as its main drill book) was widely used by both sides during the Civil Wars, having been reprinted six times. Throughout the First Civil War, Hampden's Regiment was with the Earl of Essex's Army in all of its major engagements, which was raised as the primary field force to prosecute Parliament's Cause, and therefore the history of the regiment is similar to that of Essex's Army. After the death of John Hampden (24 June 1643, from wounds suffered at Chalgrove Field six days earlier), the regiment eventually became Colonel Thomas Tyrrell's Regiment of Foot 1644, and then by 1645, became Colonel Richard Ingoldsby's Regiment of Foot, who took it into the New Model Army. The reconstructed Colonel John Hampden's Regiment of Foot was formed in California in April 2004, from the "renegades and reformadoes" of the regiment of that infamous turncoat, Sir John Urry.
Contact::All interested wouldbe soldiers and campfollowers are invited
to join the regiment. Please contact Greg
Marshal (Commander), CA; Phone: TBA.
Geographical Base: West Coast, mainly CA.
Current Members: 20+ members.
Membership Policy & Fees: Each company/unit sets their own regimental fee (if any) for members, but the Society has annual dues.
Affiliation: Provisional unit of the English Civil War Society of America (ECWSA)
Uniform: The uniform and equipment depicted by the recreated Colonel
John Hampden's Regiment of Foot in the ECWSA is that of the 1642-43 issue. Issued
items being a green wool soldiers coat lined in a (lighter weight) yellow wool,
linen shirt, proper period style shoes and a Monmouth cap (in two styles depending
on the soldier type; skullcap style for pikemen and 'blue-bell' with brim style
for musketeers). Note that coat buttons are made of the same wool cloth covered
over bits of leather (pewter, or other metallic type, are only allowed for officers).
In addition soldiers (and NCO's - Sgts. and Cpls.) were issued with a soldier's
style sword, leather baldric and scabbard for their sword, and a leather snapsack
for belongings (wool blanket, eat ware & personal items). All leather should
be brown (not black) oak- or oil-tanned.
Pikemen Arms: Ash pike with steel head/point, blackened pikemen's pot helmet, back/breast armor with tassets (all blackened).
Musketeer Arms: Matchlock musket (with octagonal-to-round full-size barrel; not caliver length/size) with rest, vegetable tanned leather bandolier with wooden powder charges, with either a triangular leather covered wooden priming flask or an extra larger wooden powder bottle (charger), plus a leather covered oil bottle.
Sergeant's Arms: Clothing was exactly as for soldiers, which is very apparent from the warrants, plus a silk (100%) tawny-orange sash (no fringe), steel halberd with red fringe 6-inch long, pikemen's style helmet (possibly decorated with brass studs), and either pikemen's full corselet of armor, or officer's style gorget (bigger, possibly with brass studs).
Lieutenant's Arms: Clothing was at the officers' discretion, plus a silk (100%) tawny- orange sash (possibly with fringe), a steel partisan with red fringe 6-inch long, and a steel officer's style gorget with brass studs. Note: Officers usually wore proper buff coats and possibly additional armor at their discretion.
Non-issued items worn would be "sadd" or common colored Dutch-slop style wool breeches (color choice by soldier, as long as it is a muted dye; buttons as on coat), white or natural colored (i.e., white or off-white) wool stockings, wood or ceramic eating ware, common colored wool blanket, and personal items (clay pipe, common cards, dice, etc.). Optional items being oversocks (either white or off-white, or gray 'rowling' wool, or heavy white linen boothose types), often worn while on 'campaign', seemingly for warmth, protection, and/or to make issued shoes fit! Optional are vegetable tanned brown or buff leather gauntlets, but required for fencing skirmish.
Colours: The only known mention of any colours that could possibly be associated with this regiment is that two "red and white colours", which were amongst the fourteen colours captured by the Royalists at storming of Cirencester (2 Feb. 1643). This could either mean two separate colours - one red, the other white - or two red and white colours, possibly meaning that they were of the gyronny system of flags. While these are not directly associated with the regiment, the regiment was indeed part of the Parliamentarian units engaged in the battle since two companies were detached to help garrison Cirencester. Therefore, it is conjectural that these two colours could have possibly belonged to regiment and were lost in the storming.
While another belief is that the colours of Hampden's regiment had a green field, but no devices are known (as often mentioned in more modern sources). However, no known contemporary information exists to support this claim (confirmed by researchers at Caliver Books/Partizaon Press). This also follows the old (and incorrect) 'same flag as coat colour' theory. Instead, this is probably borne out of the fact that the colours that were previously believed to be those of the regiment was a green field with the phrase VESTGIA NULLA RETRORSUM in black letters on a white scroll in the center of the field. This has been proven to not be the colours for the foot regiment, but rather instead, those of the cornet of the troop of horse raised by John Hampden.
Currently, the reconstructed Hampden's Regiment in the English Civil War Society in the UK uses a colour with a white field, having a St. George's canton, with two blue pile wavys (First Captain's?). This was possibly reconstructed as conjecture, based on John Hampden's coat-of-arms, being a white field with blue devices. Recreated Colours: While there is no contemporary evidence to support the current colours, the slight reasons for the conjectured colours are as stated above. Therefore, the reconstructed Hampden's regiment in the ECWSA flies a conjecture of the Sgt.-Major's colour: White field with the St. George's canton in the upper left 1/6th of the field; One blue pile wavy extending from canton; White sleeve; White tassels & Cords of 2' length.